The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has issued new guidance on HIPAA (the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act.) This guidance will facilitate families of children with disabilities being able to obtain medical records, including waiving fees and sharing with third parties if requested.
What Has Changed
Families of children with special needs have had difficulties accessing and sharing their child’s medical records due to costs or being unable to easily communicate with other providers. The National Partnership for Women and Families press release (see Resources) indicated that highlights of the guidance include:
- encouraging providers to give free copies of medical records to families
- posting charges for commonly asked medical records requests if applicable (e.g., for other providers)
- electronic copies of records available to families if requested
- “consumers can ask that their data be sent to ‘third parties,’ including consumer eHealth applications, researchers and family members”
- “Distinguishing an ‘individual right of access request’ from a ‘HIPAA authorization’”
What is the GetMyHealthData Campaign?
The GetMyHealthData campaign is led by the National Partnership and includes other consumer groups and health care experts including technology groups and former policymakers. There is a website (see Resources) that helps families navigate the process for requesting medical records. Various issues are addressed with resources (see endnotes for links) on what to do if consumers are told:
- HIPAA prevents the provider from sharing the information with the patienti
Only the patient (or their authorized representative) has the right to access the records. Thus, HIPAA does not prevent the provider from sharing information with the patient!
- Only paper copies are availableii
If electronic copies are kept, patients have a right to access these as well. See also #4 below.
- There are charges for consumer’s own recordsiii
A provider can charge “reasonable costs” but there is no fee for searching or retrieving records.
- Records aren’t available electronicallyiv
Even if the provider only keeps paper copies, providers are required to provide an electronic copy if it is “readily producible electronically” such as scanning.
- The patient portal, or the information they need, isn’t available on the portalv
Providers may not require patients to use portals as not all families have Internet access. Even if the portal is utilized, there may be information not kept on the portal and patients have a right to these records as well.
- They can’t get information for someone for whom they’re caringvi
Parents can get records on minor children (in cases of divorce in accordance with custody.) Once children are adults, families may use other mechanisms of supported decision-makingvii such as power of attorney, healthcare proxy, etc. The only exceptions for children and adults are in cases of suspected abuse, neglect, or domestic violence.
There are additional tips on the website on what consumers can do if they’re told they need to pick up records in person, if they’ve sent a written request but received no response, or if there is missing or incorrect information in records.
This new HHS guidance will help clarify some of the confusion around HIPAA which creates unnecessary obstacles in getting health care records. By being proactive, families of children with special health care needs can eliminate these barriers and more easily access medical records needed to provide the best care for their child